A women’s suffrage myth & a great free book with the inside story! Marguerite’s Musings.

“Jailed for Freedom” by Doris Stevens is featured book on Suffrage Bookshelf on Vimeo.

You can listen to the “Jailed for Freedom” book read free on Librivox.
Suffrage Movement Myth

by Marguerite Kearns

Have you heard the perspective referred to above that has been getting spread around lately? It compares the English and American suffrage movements and concludes that the English suffragette movement was exciting and creative while the American suffrage activists were boring and trite. So sad that these sister movements are being pitted against each other. If there’s anything positive about this old myth being trotted out into public, it’s to give these faulty assumptions an airing.

THE MYTH COMPARING ENGISH AND AMERICAN ACTIVISTS

The myth of exciting versus boring relies on the assumption that the English suffragists’ use of property damage, that is, a degree of violence, placed the English suffrage movement in a position of being considered more interesting than the American women who were “polite.” Translate that to “nonviolent.”

Sweeping generalizations underlie this myth. In fact, the women’s rights movements in England and the United States were committed to nonviolence. And later on, the English tactics that included property damage were controversial in their time and did not represent the sentiments of all English women engaged in the movement. Suffrage activists on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean argued vehemently about the best tactics and strategies necessary to reach their goals. And while they disagreed about tactics, they remained committed to the goal of freedom.

"Marguerite's Musings" on Suffrage Wagon News ChannelTHROWING ROCKS AND BLOWING UP MAILBOXES

Sadly, the perspective comparing the Americans and the English relies on a misunderstanding. Nonviolent tactics and strategies are considerably more difficult and challenging to implement than a decision to resort to violence. Throwing rocks definitely has more juice for the purpose of a mainstream film. A commitment to nonviolent social change isn’t as visual and tension producing as deciding to blow up a mailbox.

In fact, the ties between American and English activists were close. And both movements, for all their differences, can be plotted on the same path of working within a rigid political and social structure to accomplish similar goals while facing considerable resistance from government to win voting rights. While the American suffrage activists remained committed to nonviolent strategies, there’s no doubt that violence was used against them, especially those who picketed the White House in 1917 and were imprisoned and assaulted by authorities.

THE SIMILARITIES ARE IMPORTANT TO APPRECIATE

Both the suffrage activists in England and the U.S. went up against hard-core resistance. The picketing of the White House in 1917 heightened awareness of the women’s suffrage movement in the U.S. And if these activists hadn’t been successful in impacting national policy, it’s difficult to predict now, in retrospect, if U.S. women would have won the right to vote at all in 1920.

This old tired myth comparing the two movements will hopefully lose its power once the public is better informed about the spirit and determination and dedication that kept American suffrage activists with their eye on the prize. Check out Doris Stevens’ work, “Jailed for Freedom.” These free audio files from Librivox fill in more of what it took for American women to win voting rights.

As more research on the women’s suffrage movement is completed, books are published, and the constituency interested in this part of history grows stronger, we’ll join hands across the Atlantic. I envision a grand parade or awards banquet where English and American women honor our suffrage activist ancestors and properly celebrate this extraordinary accomplishment of winning voting rights together.

Onward to the 2020 suffrage centennial celebration!

WATCH THE VIDEO ON SUFFRAGE WAGON

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Comment on the Suffrage Wagon blog. Meet your friends at the Suffrage Wagon Cafe. Follow SuffrageCentennials.com for news and views about upcoming women’s suffrage centennial events and celebrations. 

“Choose it and Use it” is a video reminding us of how the past is linked to what we do today and its impact on the future. Celebrate women’s freedom to vote.

 

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3 responses to “A women’s suffrage myth & a great free book with the inside story! Marguerite’s Musings.

  1. By the mid- to late-1910s, the U.S. suffrage movement was a true mass movement, with thousands upon thousands of activist members, frequent large public events, street level campaigning, imaginative and intensive outreach to the public, and generally a very high level of energy. The public was very engaged with the suffrage question. There wasn’t the same level of shocking media-genic events as in the U.K., but the U.S. movement was far from boring–it was challenging American society and attitudes in a fundamental way, and that challenge was accompanied with emotional outpourings and reactions. The U.S. movement only pales if we allow a “sepia version” of the past to limit our vision. In fact, the U.S. suffrage campaigners were intensely alive and committed, and their adherence to standards of dignity should not be allowed to obscure that. Only one other period in U.S. history has featured a climax of women’s activism like the late 1910s.

  2. Thank you, Nate. How right you are. And if there’s anything that’s loved on a blog, it’s comments that are illuminating and to the point. We’ve been sweating to tell the story of our terrific Votes for Women movement. And to really celebrate and honor its essence is timely and thrilling!

  3. Actually, the U.S. campaign should be judged more successful since it gave all women over 21 the right to vote on the same basis as men, while the English version of 1918 limited women’s votes to those over 30 who owned property! But I have found the same prejudice in the U.S., where Alice Paul and her more confrontational followers (including Doris Stevens) are largely preferred (and remembered) in comparison to Carrie Chapman Catt and her lobbyists. Yet I would argue that Catt and her supporters were vital the the U.S. victory.

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